1/08/2012

Ranma transom

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Ranma 欄間 transom

Carved wooden transom panels, open panel carvings

durchbrochene Zierleisten




at the Ishitani Family Residence, Chizu, Okayama
智頭 石谷家住宅

. Ishitani Family Residence .


To entertain visitors, incense was burned in the room next to the visitor's room. The fragrance would come through the openings of the ranma, providing a faint smell.
Sometimes fragrant flowers were placed in the adjoining room.

The kanji for orchid is 蘭 RAN.

ranma 蘭間 "orchid space"




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quote
A transom.
A rectangular opening, longer in the horizontal direction, constructed between the lintels *kamoi 鴨居 or uchinori nageshi 内法長押, of the frame for sliding screens and the ceiling. Transoms may also be found at the boundary between a veranda and the interior of a dwelling, under the ridges of a gate, on a fence for above the main entrance *genkan 玄関 of a structure.

Transoms filled with lattice or muntins in a variety of arrangements are called 'latticework transoms' renji ranma 連子欄間. Renjiranma often have small screens *shouji 障子, called shouji ranma 障子欄間, slide horizontally on both sides and have a central strut where they meet when closed. This type of ranma was popular from the 12c through the 14c.

Flat openwork *sukashibori 透彫 became common in the 15c. From the latter part of the 16c to approximately the end of the 17c, elaborate trees, figures and scenes from history and legend filled the transom spaces, especially in temple halls of the *shoin 書院 style. In spite of transoms providing a place for decorative expression, they did not lose their function of increasing light and air circulation.

There are many kinds of decoration used in the transoms. The most common is plain lattice work, koushi ranma 格子欄間, like that used on the inside of the doors of the Phoenix Hall, at Byoudouin *Hououdou 平等院鳳凰堂 (1053), in Kyoto. Another common type of lattice is laid diagonally forming a lozenge pattern, hishigoushi ranma 菱格子欄間.

There is also the *yumiranma 弓欄間, twhich has curvilinear slats set into a transom. The osaranma 筬欄間 has closely-spaced vertical bars and a small number of horizontals set across them. When the same type of lattice is used for transoms above a veranda, it is called sayaranma 鞘欄間. Transoms called *itaranma 板欄間 have thin boards with openwork designs cut into them or arranged decoratively with an open area.

"The Bamboo node transom"*take-no-fushi ranma 竹の節欄間, has posts that are grooved at the base and neck to resemble bamboo nodes. The intervals between the posts have double wood strips that run diagonally.
source : Jaanus


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source : hikone.shiga



. Ranma Panel .


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The dragon is a well-liked motive for ranma.



. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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source : shashin-haiku.jp - HIKO

定位置に父母の遺影や冬座敷
teiichi ni fubo no iei ya fuyuzashiki

in their normal position
the photos of my dead parents -
living room in winter


Hiko

The photos are hung up above the Buddhist family altar in the corner.
And up ther to their left,
there are the beautiful ranma of a traditional family home.


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Daruma Ranma
A Daruma with an unique expression.


source : www.jcrafts.com


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Dragon - waves 竜と波

Nami-no-Ihachi's dramatic wood carvings of the waves of Chiba's Sotobo coast reportedly influenced Katsushika Hokusai, one of Japan's most well-known artists.

. Nami no Ihachi 波の伊八 "Ihachi the carver of waves" .
(1751-1824)


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. Dragon Decorations .


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1 comment:

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

信貴山 朝護孫子寺 ムカデの欄間
Centipede ranma transom
at Shigisan

.